Quelqu'un peux m'aider à reformuler ce devoir en Anglais s'il vous plait ?
This document is a black and white cartoon dealing with the plight of African Americans after the
abolition of Slavery.
It is made up of 2 simple drawings, each accompanied by a shirt ironical caption below. In the first one,
the cartoonist symbolically depicts a slave who has just been freed from his chain still lying next to his
foot. The second one shows a typical “necktie party” where a KKK member is hanging a black man to a
tree at night.
The caption “In 1863, the chains were taken from the negroes” clearly explains what happened: the
blacks were no longer property and useful tools on plantations. But instead of being happy, the black
man’s face doesn’t show any expression. He looks rather lost and confused. This sudden freedom does
not seem to be expected and he probably has no idea what to do or where to go now. The chain and the
ball which also symbolize African Americans' plight and suffering are over now. But the viewer is
quickly disappointed when seeing the second part.
Indeed, the second drawing which represents the “necktie party” is symbolic of what happened to many
black people after slavery was abolished. Lots of them were lynched by racists and white supremacists,
who firmly believed that a “negro” ’s life was worth nothing. The fact that the scene is set at night
clearly means that the darkness surrounding this scene is also the darkness in which the USA was going
through at that time.
Both sentences are written in the passive form, which stresses the idea that African Americans did not
choose their faith but that it was decided for them by white people. Besides, going from a white
background in the first part to a dark background in the second one, suggests a worsening/decline of
African Americans' condition, as if they had gone from bad to worse! “And they were given ropes
instead” means that now, they could be killed, since they were no longer the property of a white person.
The irony that lies in the captions is clear!
To my mind, the cartoonist completed his work with a lot of hindsight, which makes his message more
effective. He deliberately chose a naïve style and black humour to express his opinion over something
beyond understanding. For all these reasons, I find this document moving, because this way of dealing
with African American history is not so common and thus reaches its goal.