Coucou, pouvez vous me corriger les fautes s'il y en a?
American dream: MYTH OR REALITY
Where immigrants came from? What were the reasons why they went to
America? I will respond to these questions in my first part. “Their travelling conditions” is the title of
my second part. Then,
we shall study their arrival in America:
their integration, I will analyze their success or their failure: the passage of the dream into the reality..
I) The reasons of the immigration
There was Russians, Chinese, and Spanish. Between 1840 and 1860 more than 4 million
Europeans arrived in the United States.
75% of them came from Ireland and Germany
immigrants wish to leave from their home because of lots of problems that they meet
in their country ; they flee the war, the starvation, the unemployment…
And they choose the United States for certain reasons. Among them: they see in
this country the success. They came to begin a new chapter of their life, to
build up a new identity; want to make
their fortune in the United States. in the New
World. The statue of Liberty becomes the symbol of the social success of the
Americans, that of the American economic power.
ii) The travelling conditions
Since 1820, the United
States welcomed 70 million immigrants. The sort of the foreigners is symbolized
by Ellis Island, where, after a long
journey, passengers had to pass immigration
formalities (a questionnaire and a medical
however a reject of some because laws are set up; the entry of
immigrants was free until 1875. The U.S.
wants to control the entry of foreigners
on their territory; People are
- Prostitutes, The
people suffering from
mental illness or retardation, the infirm, Children under 16 not accompanied by their parents (the fight against juvenile
In 1853 the journey from Europe to America was still very hard:, 14
Norwegians describe a horrible trip aboard a British ship where sailors treat
passengers worse than dogs, where women and girls are constantly threatened
with rape scenes and brawl during food distributions are daily, etc...
1892 to 1924, there have been 3,000
suicides on Ellis
New York is the port where arriving more than 60% of migrants; the second most important port is New Orleans. In 1860,
immigrants represent the majority of the
population in the cities of New
York, San Francisco,
New Orleans and Chicago. Integration in these cities is difficult. The Irish are a sub-proletariat. Employed
in the most arduous tasks and paid less: jobs in mining, construction of
canals, railway lines or jobs as deliverymen…
But there are people who success in America:
Today, for example, Oprah
Winfrey is a pure incarnation of the American dream because, started with
nothing, she became one of the most influential woman of the world
Bill Gates is also a
myth of the American dream. He started not with nothing but he stopped school
and nobody known that he became one of the richest in the world.
we need the green card
for enter in America, and it's not so simple to get the green card. There is
also a lot of concurrence since everyone want to go to USA to realize this
dream. So most of people don't succeed very well. Actually all American are not