Nelson Mandela, born on the 18th of july, 1918, in the village of Mvezo, in South Africa. He is son of a tribu chef, member of the royal des Thembus family. Nelson Mandela's real name is Rolihlahla, but an instructor as he wanted the couture and influence of the english language gave him the name of Nelson.
He grew up in Qunu, but his father died in the 1927. He was adopted. He continued his studies till university. In 1941, an argument with his tutor made him leave the village to go to the village of Johannesburg. He got engaged with politics by participating in the meetings before at Walter Sisulu. With the friends that he has met, he founded in 1944, the Ligue of the young people for the parti of the l'ANC (African National Congress).