Nelson Mandela was born in village on 18 July 1918. In 1939, he studied at the university. From 1941 till 1943, he studied to be a lawyer. For it he left his village. In 1943, he became a lawyer. In 1944 he went into the ANC. In 1960, there was the masacre of Chartresvilles. From 1961 to 1990 he was imprisoned. In jail he did works forced but he never gave up. In 1990, Declerc was elected president and he make go out Nelson Mandela from the jail. From 1991 to 1994, there was a lot of violence to the black people. It was the end of the Apartheid. In 1994, the vote for black people was accorded, Nelson Mandela was elected president. He was the first black president.