In order to
begin my presentation about form and location of power, it will be necessary
for me to define what power means. In the Oxford dictionary, power refers to
the ability to influence the behavior of others or the political or social
authority exercised by a government, individuals or an institution.
addition, if power exists in our society, it means that counter-power exists
too. If some forces tend to exercise a power on subjects, these subjects may
reject the power. Thus how the power can be limited?
choose a framework related to the relations between Power and Resistance so as
to answer this issue.
I. Abuse of Power
1) Abuse of
power to face a threat
- MacCarthyism: during the Cold War,
the communism was fought on the American soil
- Guantanamo and the Patriot Act
2) Abuse of
Power may increase the criminality: golden era of gangsters and mafia during
the Prohibition period (cf the movie The roaring Twenties, Cotton Club, The
II. Social Demand to protest against the Power
and strikes in the Public space (the street) to struggle against Power.
demands to share the Power
- The Suffragette in the UK (The
Women Social and Political Union, The Cat and Mouse Act, the Women Liberation
toward the parity women/men
- Trade Unions in the US and the UK
(beginning of the XXth century); the Union movement (mouvement ouvrier) in GB
Protest in the US: How African-American protested to access public space as
- African American Civil Right
Movement (1955-68): affirmative actions
- Marthin Luther King: the March
on Washington (1963)
Claims: Nothern Ireland and IRA (fights in the city, in the street)
Uprisings (révoltes civiles): the Boston Tea Party in 1773. American Patriot
fought against Great Britain ==> beginning of the Independence War.
III. Rejection of Power
From the second part of the XXth century, movements against the Power have become more and more powerful. In the second part we have shown that claims or protestations were a racial, gender or social issues. In this part, we will see that they can embrace more and more people whatever the social class, gender or race.
movements: during the 60’s, in the US – and then, all around the world
movement tend to reject governmental policies, especially the Vietnam War. Many
artists joined this movement and created songs, paintings, movies against the
3) the Anonymous: struggle for the Idependence of the Internet in a virtual space
4) Occupy Wall Street: demonstrations in the street to denounce the power of financial institutions.