Nelson Mandela was born on July 18th 1918 at Mvezo, in the east of Cap’s region. He was an South African president. When he was 7, Rolihlahla Mandela became the first member of his family who went in a school. His professor gave him his occidental name “Nelson”. His father died by tuberculosis when Nelson was 9 years old. He continued his studies in success at Clarkebury Boarding Institute. He got his certificate in two years (instead of 3 years generally). On 1934, he signed in the school “Wesleyan de Fort Beaufort”. At the university he joined Fort Hare Where he met his future friend: Olivier Tambo. He was expelled because of his implication in the boycott. He ran away in Johannesbourg because of an arranged wedding. He started advocate studies on Witwatersrand. On 1942, he joined the African National Congress (ANC), to fight to the white politic domination. On 1948, the National Party won, and the new politic was created: the apartheid. On 1952 Mandela, advocate, made the campaign against Daniel Malan’s government. Mandela participated in the fight against the apartheid and racial segregation. On the December 5th 1956, Mandela and 150 other person were arrested and accused treason, but they were acquitted. The ANC was forbidden and was gave up by Nelson but he created “Umkhonto we Sizwe”. Nelson was arrested on 1962, then he was condemned for 5 years of imprisonment on 1963, but he was condemned for perpetuity because of his clandestine politic activity. He was liberated on February 11th 1990, by Frederik de Klerk’s order. They worked together to stop the apartheid. He received with Frederik de Klerk on 1993 the Nobel prize of Peace. He was elected president of South Africa on April 27th 1994. His price ministers was Thabo Mbeki and Frederik de Klerk. His autobiography, “A long way toward the freedom” was published in 1995. Thabo succeeded him. Nelson stopped his politic life to started the SIDA’s fight.
When Mandela was born in 1918, South Africa was controlled by write colonist from Holland, France and Britain. Black people could only live where Whites decided. Blacks couldn't vote and had limited access to education. Because Mandela was the son of Xhosa chief, he went to university and became lawyer.
 In 1948, the gouvernement introduced the "apartheid": a system that classified every South African as white,black, coloured or Asian and gave them different rights.