Le mythe évoque la condition humaine dans son ensemble, son histoire transmise d’abord oralement et souvent incarnée par un héros, un lieu ou une communauté. Interroger les mythes, c’est s’intéresser aux héros et aux récits qui fondent une identité collective. Le caractère universel du mythe permet de mettre en évidence la façon particulière dont chaque aire culturelle interprète l’expérience humaine et construit des œuvres pour l’exprimer. Chaque époque emprunte et réactualise certains mythes ou en crée de nouveaux. Le héros peut être un personnage fictif ou réel qui a marqué la tradition, l’histoire, la vie quotidienne. La culture populaire et la contre-culture ne cessent de produire leurs propres héros (folklore, bandes dessinées, etc.).


Definition of a Myth : Firstly, a Myth can be defined as a legend telling a story that sometimes cannot be verified. This is a well-known tale that everybody knows about, like the American Land or the Myth of the Kraken. It usually hinges around great and brave heroes or monsters. A Myth can be based on real or unreal stories, which happened in the past.


Definition of a Hero : Secondly, the notion of "Hero" can fall into two categories. On the one hand, there are imaginary heroes endowed with superpowers and who are in charge of saving the planet and the people in danger like Superman. On the other hand, there are real people who can have a role to play to change the world's history. There are three categories into which the notion of "Heroism" can fall :


       • Originally, heroes are demigods, in Greek mythology who they are halfway between humanity and deity.

        • Heroes can also be defined as warriors or soldiers who go to the battlefield to fight for their country. They are brave, courageous and displays self-sacrifice.

       • It can also be someone who's admired for his great achievements for contributing to the advancement of human history.